18. yüzyılda malikane uygulaması ve Diyarbekir Voyvodalığı
In practice, havâss-ı hümâyûn offices were one of the active malikâne applications which were under the management of district treasurers. In the middle of 17th century, they have been removed from the command of district treasurers with a phrase: "defterdarlıkdan ref?. Thus, a number of havâss-ı hümâyûn offices were converted into a single mukâta?a and were left in deduction of a voyvoda-mültezim. In this way, a significant contribution to overcome the state?s cash shortage had been made. So that, the state was not forced to deal one by one with tax farmers and their problems, but with a single voyvoda. At the same time, with the deduction clause, the state had given authorization and responsibility on taxes to voyvoda, while it was going to guarantee the tax income to central treasury. As a result, a number of financial-administrative areas in province were created, based on taxes taken from production and trade activities and from tribes. The name of these areas were called as voyvodalık and at the top of the staff in these areas as voyvodas.